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Several Things About Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Time: 2019-03-08

Overview About BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications,diet,minimally invasive therapies and surgery. To choose the best option, you and your doctor will consider your symptoms, the size of your prostate, other health conditions you might have and your preferences.

Symptoms 

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:

  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • The frequent need to get up during the night
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine flow
  • Stopping and starting of urine flow
  • Feeling of being unable to completely empty the bladder
  • Urinary incontinence (involuntary urination)
  • Interference with sexual activity

BPH

BPH is a common condition in which prostate cells begin to increase in number.  This growth, part of the aging process, compresses the urethra making it difficult or painful to urinate. Although it is not known exactly what causes an enlarged prostate, the majority of all men will experience it as they age.  It is important to note that Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is not cancerous and is not life threatening, but it does affect your day-to-day life in inconvenient and unpleasant ways.

Causes

The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of your penis (urethra) passes through the center of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it begins to block urine flow.

Most men have continued prostate growth throughout life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow.

It isn't entirely clear what causes the prostate to enlarge. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older.

Complications

Complications of an enlarged prostate can include:

  • Sudden inability to urinate (urinary retention). You might need to have a tube (catheter) inserted into your bladder to drain the urine. Some men with an enlarged prostate need surgery to relieve urinary retention.
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs). Inability to fully empty the bladder can increase the risk of infection in your urinary tract. If UTIs occur frequently, you might need surgery to remove part of the prostate.
  • Bladder stones. These are generally caused by an inability to completely empty the bladder. Bladder stones can cause infection, bladder irritation, blood in the urine and obstruction of urine flow.
  • Bladder damage. A bladder that hasn't emptied completely can stretch and weaken over time. As a result, the muscular wall of the bladder no longer contracts properly, making it harder to fully empty your bladder.
  • Kidney damage. Pressure in the bladder from urinary retention can directly damage the kidneys or allow bladder infections to reach the kidneys.